Project Details

Title: Policy and Public-Private Partnerships for Offshore Wind EneRgy
Priority: 2: Environment and risk prevention
Theme: Energy and sustainable transport

Type of intervention

Type of intervention: 1: Regional Initiative Project
Mini-programme: No
Duration: 1st Jan 2012 - 31st Dec 2014
Website: http://www.4-power.eu


Total budget: €1,486,661.52
ERDF contribution: €1,156,886.78

Lead partner

Province of Groningen
P.O. Box 610
9700 AP, Groningen

  • Click for contact details
    • Contact Person: Peter Smale & Barbara Huneman
      Phone: +31(0)50-3164784
      Fax: +31(0)50-3164439

Project summary


4POWER (Policy and Public Private Partnerships for Offshore Wind EneRgy) focuses on the role of regions in relation to Offshore wind energy (OSW). OSW has an enormous potential as a renewable energy source: EEA has calculated that it is economically feasible to generate over 60 to 70% of EU’s total energy demand by OSW in 2020. Regions are crucial for further OSW development, for practical reasons - electricity cables have to ‘land’ in coastal regions – and because of the political and strategic role they can play – e.g. creating Triple Helix linkages and stimulating business networks.


While the technological advancement in OSW applications is considerable in industry, the uptake in terms of knowledge and effective policy in Europe’s regional and local governments is still patchy. There are clear front-runner regions on offshore wind energy implementation and regions with similar ambitions, but without the level of

experience and/or knowledge to implement OSW in the short term.



4POWER stimulates knowledge exchange between front-runner regions (Rostock, Dundee), regions underway (Emden, Groningen, Rimini) and regions in the stage of orientation (Azores, Malta, Latvia) to create common understanding on current and future regional challenges in OSW development. The partners represent various angles of the Triple Helix: local and regional authorities, specialised energy institutes set up by government, public-private business organisation and knowledge institutions.

The level of interaction between partners is strong, there are 7 joint project meetings, 11 bilateral study visits and 3 international conferences. The 4POWER approach is such that the transnational project groups specify the required regional input, this input is then translated back to project and EU level.


2 THEMES, 3 PHASES - The partners

jointly work on two themes: creating an efficient regional policy framework (1) and a favourable business and innovation climate aimed at implementation (2). Three phases are defined for project implementation: divergence (regional consultation rounds, comparative analysis documents), convergence (mainstreaming session, good practice examples, thematic guidelines), and translation into strategy (local/regional strategies, project implementation guide (PoG) and EU OSW policy charter).


The PoG is directed towards regions and will be offered to the Committee of the Regions. It's an overview of project findings, summarizing local implementation plans, forming a guide for regions to prepare for OSW development.The policy charter will include practical policy recommendations towards EU policy-making level on how to make regions more aware and better equipped to create an EU level playing field for OSW implementation. It will be offered to a high-profile EU official at the end-event.

Project achievements

Offshore Wind energy (OSW) is often a subject that is authorized by the national government. Regional governments do not have many authority on OSW via legislations or permits. However, because OSW enters directly into regions (electricty cables coming onshore, OSW farms that are build from ports), it does affect regions. Regions can benefit from it, because OSW is highly labor intensive and therefore an economic driver. Implementation of OSW is slow at the moment and regions can help to speed up this proces. The Interreg 4C program was an opportunity to start up a project to share knowledge between regional and local governments in order to speed up implementation in regions. The 4POWER project consists of 10 European partners. There are some frontrunners like Stiftung Offshore Wind Energie, Rostock Business, City of Emden (DE) and Dundee College (UK). Other partners are either underway : province of Groningen (NL), province of Rimini (IT) and Maritime Institute in Gdansk (PL). Or

they are less experienced, but interested in OSW and they are in the stage of orientation: MIEMA (MT), AZORINA (PT) and Latvian Wind Energy Association (LV). The aim of this project is to share knowledge on OSW between partners and to look for business opportunities. In this way the project is of interest to the whole partnership. The total budget of the project is € 1.570.879,69 and the ERDF funding is € 1.228.472,22 . Province of Groningen is Lead Partner. The Maritime Institute in Gdansk is responsible for communication and Dundee College is responsible for the website (www.4power.eu) and the Community of Practice. We divided the content of the project into two Thematic Workgroups (TWG's): Frameworks and Implementation. Frameworks concerns subjects permits, incentive/subsidy systems etc. Implementation is on costst of OSW, education, raising awarenes etc. The province of Rimini is the TWG leader of Frameworks and Rostock Business is the TWG leader of Implementation. These two

partners wrote a report on Best Practices in OSW, including guidlelines how to implement them. Stiftung Offshore Wind Energy coordinates this proces and we will deliver a mini guidebook for regions to prepare for OSW development as well as practical policy recommendations towards EU policymaking level on how to make regions more aware and better equipped to create an EU level playing field for OSW implementation. All partners wrote a PESTEL and SWOT on the main issues on OSW in their regions. We selected the 10 key issues in OSW in our regions and divided them over Frameworks and Implementation. Frameworks: 1) electricity grid 2) incentive system 3) permit proces 4) enironmental impact 5) influencing politicians. Implementation: 6) cost development 7) education/staff 8) infrastructue 9) raising awareness 10) supply chain. After identifying the 10 issues all partners organized individual regional consultations with their stakeholders . This resulted in individual reports on how their

stakeholders thought about these issues and they gave us some best practices. These reports have been analyzed by the TWG leaders and they made a Comparative Analysis on the Frameworks and Implementation issues. We discussed these reports and we adressed 26 Best Practices (BP) that are written down in two BP reports. The TWG leaders developed guidelines how to implement these BP's. Furthermore we organized study visits in Rostock, Emden, Dundee, Gdansk, Rimini, Azores and Groningen in order to see and hear what the industry is working on. The final products were two documents: 'EU and Regional Policies for Offshore Wind: Creating Synergies' and the 'Regional Policies for Offshore Wind: A Guidebook'. We presented these documents at the End event in Groningen and handed them over to Energy Minister Christian Pegel of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern and Regional Minister Bote Wilpstra of the Province of Groningen as a representative of the Comitte of the Regions. The 4POWER project is now closed.


Institution, Town Country Region Contact details
Province of Groningen, Groningen NETHERLANDS Groningen +31(0)50-3164784
p.smale@provinciegroningen.nl b.d.huneman@provinciegroningen.nl
Province of Rimini, Rimini ITALY Emilia-Romagna +39 0541 716224- 716227
Sustainable Industries Institute, Dundee College, Dundee UNITED KINGDOM Eastern Scotland 4401382834891
Latvian Association of Local and Regional Governments, Riga LATVIA Latvija 37167508563
Rostock Business and Technology Development GmbH, Rostock GERMANY Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 0049-3813771923
MARITIME INSTITUTE IN GDAŃSK, Gdansk POLAND Pomorskie +48 58 301 16 41
AZORINA – Society for Environment Management and Nature Conservation, Horta PORTUGAL Região Autónoma dos Açores +351 964252281
Municipality of Corfu, Corfu GREECE Ionia Nisia 30 6936643988
Malta Intelligent Energy Management Agency, Paola MALTA Malta +356 2133 1505
City of Emden, Emden GERMANY Weser-Ems 49 4921871378
German Offshore Wind Energy Foundation, Varel GERMANY Weser-Ems +49 44519515247


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