Flexible transport with low technology services in rural areas
Topic of the practice
Encouraging the use of public and shared transport
Good Practice Information
This is a good example of how to encourage the use of public and shared transport. Purbach is a small and relatively compact rural town (population of 2700) located near lake Neusiedl. This is an important recreational area for the surrounding regions, especially for the inhabitants of Vienna located about an hour’s drive away. Before launching the flexible transport system ‘GmoaBus’ there was no public transport within Purbach. The regional bus line and the railway line only serve one stop within the area. Moreover, there is no taxi operator in the town. The GmoaBus is operated with a single eight seat bus with a low floor and a double-wing door. Service is provided from Mondays to Fridays from 5 am to 9 pm and on Saturdays from 8 am to 12 am. There is no service on Sundays and public holidays.
The service has been defined as low-cost and has no technological support. In fact, while this service is usually managed by operators working in a dispatch centre, using a specific software (sometimes quite sophisticated and expensive), in this case no such system exists. When a citizen needs the service, he can call the driver directly. A door-to-door service from and to any address within the recreational area is provided. Of course this solution doesn’t permit route optimisation and is based only on the driver’s experience and on the low number of requests.
Evidence of success
The overall picture shows an increasing use of private car as driver up to an age of 40 years as culmination point. Beyond that age again decreasing shares of this mode take place. Contrary to this mode, walking and public transport shows the opposite development. As recognised in the user profile of the GmoaBus service as well, younger people are not the main user group of the service.
Contact details to obtain further information on the practice
Dr. Roman Klementschitz
Institute for Transport Studies