Kainuu Bio-energy Programme
Topic of the practice
Fostering the local energy resources
Good Practice Information
The Kainuu Bio-energy Programme is a good example of how a region can focus on effective use of bio-energy resources and combine this with the creation of jobs and encourage entrepreneurship.
The European Union aims to increase the amount of renewable energy sources in compliance with the Kyoto Agreement on climate change. According to a statutory obligation set by the EU in January 2008 Finland must increase its use of renewable energy sources to 38 % of gross energy use by 2020. In Kainuu, this will not only signify an increase in the use of wood energy but also to a lesser degree in the use of biogas, sources derived from agriculture and solar energy. The emission trade and fuel price rises and have already increased the demand for renewable fuels.
At the beginning of 2008 a bio-energy programme began in Kainuu to increase bio-energy production and use and strengthen the whole bio-energy sector in Kainuu. The programme is managed by the Kajaani University Consortium that implemented several national and international research and development projects in the field of bio-energy starting from 1984. Bio-energy production was seen as a good possibility to strengthen local economy and create new jobs in rural areas. The Kainuu Bio-energy Board was the core group in creating and finalizing the program.
To examine the current state of bio-energy in the region, the production and use of bio-energy were cleared up. It is also important to clear up how much there are resources available for energy in the region’s forests. In order to make the stakeholder and partnership analysis, the objectives of the programme :
- Kainuu Bio-energy Programme aims at promoting the usage of renewable energy resources, and related cooperation at local, national and international level, and attempts to promote improved energy efficiency. The programme, which was prepared by consultations with the major stakeholders related to bio-energy in Kainuu, aims at energy self-sufficiency in Kainuu. It strengthens training and know-how on the sector, and SMEs.
- In Kainuu the main natural resource is forest biomass. The goals of bio-energy program include doubling forest energy production, increasing the degree of local energy raw material refining and to facilitate structural changes in energy infrastructure and services.
Evidence of success
If the production level of forest energy (900 GWh) is to be reached, the production chain from forest to power stations creates 270 annual jobs and adds the annual revenue up to 25 million euros.
General targets of the bio-energy program are to improve energy efficiency, to add the production and use of local bio-energy as well as to strengthen the education and business possibilities in the growing bio-energy field.
Kainuu bio-energy Program aims to double the use of forest energy up to 700 GWh/a and production up to 900 GWh (900 GWh = 450 000 solid m3/a) in district heating plants and power stations. So far the level of use is 555 GWh/a.
Concerning wood pellets the target is to triple the number of wood pellet users up to 600 users in Kainuu region. At the moment there are about 480 wood pellet users in Kainuu.
In Kainuu there are there are only few operators and very limited resources to develop the field of bio-energy. That's why the close network between actors, operators and developers is very important. One of the main targets is to strengthen the cooperation in bio-energy field.
Contact details to obtain further information on the practice
Kajaani University Consortium
Annex completed on: 05-25-2012