Morbach Energy Landscape
Topic of the practice
A showcase for environment-friendly energy generation and enterprise
Good Practice Information
Morbach is a municipality in the Bernkastel-Wittlich district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.The basic concept of the "Morbach Energy Landscape" came from the Heads of local government in 2001.The community of Morbach (population 11,000) has defined its mission statement as follows: To be energy self-sufficient on the basis of renewable energy by the year 2020 and to cut CO2 emissions by over 50 per cent as against the year 2000. A plan was developed in collaboration with (35) external partners from economy and science to revitalise a disused NATO ammunitions dump at Wenigarath.Objectives of the scheme are energy saving, corporate and cross-functional energy chain creation, technology transfer and development of innovative environmental technologies/process improvements, intelligent material flow management and regional added value.The site utilises 14 x 2 MW wind turbines, 1.1MWp of PV, and a biogas generation plant with an electrical output of 500kWe and a thermal output of 700kWth. The waste heat from the biogas plant is used locally in a wood pellet production facility capable of producing 20,000 tonnes per annum. The total annual electrical generation of the scheme is estimated to be 50 million kWh (90% from wind), sufficient to power 15,000 homes. The sum total of investment for the above was 34 million Euro.By leasing the energy landscape the community has leasing receipts of 350,000, - € per year. This has been reinvested from the local budget into the community support programs in the field of building renovation and energy technology. The critical lessons learnt from the scheme are early information of the population by the administration, eco-friendly aims, economically meaningful concepts, a fair distribution of revenue, observing the possibilities of regional value added (e.g. citizens windmill), and minimisation of utilization conflicts through intelligent land management.
Evidence of success
The scheme is estimated to reduce CO2 emissions by about 32,500 tons per year and has provided about 15-20 new jobs. 15 farmers have received a second income in the biomass sector. From 2003 to 2010, about 25,000 visitors from 80 countries and five continents, visited the energy landscape. Influenced by the positive experiences the municipal Morbach decided in February 2009 a district heating concept of the communal settlement based on a newly built wood-fired power station. By the local heating network and the woodchip heating plant (7 MW) 2.4 million liters of fuel oil could be saved each year.The facilities and the district heating network will be operated by the municipality itself.
Contact details to obtain further information on the practice
Annex completed on: 09-01-2011