Integrated Energy and Climate Action Plan for Schleswig-Holstein
Topic of the practice
Good Practice Information
In September 2011, an "Integrated Energy and Climate Plan for Schleswig-Holstein" was adopted by the regional government. The plan includes targets, strategies and measures towards 2020. It also lends active support to the implementation of the targets set out in the German Federal Government's "Energy and Climate Plan", including a 40% reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 (in comparison to 1990) as well as complete withdrawal from nuclear power by 2022. The renewable energies sector is an essential aspect of the Integrated Energy and Climate Plan. Schleswig-Holstein already generates electric power from renewable sources, equivalent to 50% of its gross power consumption (as of 2010). Currently, about half of the area's final energy consumption is generated from biomass, due to low wind speeds in recent years. Nonetheless, in the years to come it is expected that wind energy will again become the most prominent renewables energy source. In order to help realize the energy targets set by the German Federal Government, Schleswig-Holstein itself has set an own target: By 2020, a 8-10% share of entire German gross power consumption shall be generated from Schleswig-Holstein’s own renewable energy sources – being equivalent to 300-400% of gross power consumption in Schleswig-Holstein itself. The plan also supports the increased use of renewable energy in the heating and fuel sectors (where biomass is the most important of the renewable energy sources used). The Schleswig-Holstein Land Government decided that its designated “wind energy areas” would be increased from 1.0% to 1.5% of the total land area. According to recent calculations, an increase of installed wind energy capacity from 3,200MW to 9,000MW will be in sight by 2015, with an additional 3,000MW added from offshore. Other measures in this plan include: supporting research (in particular for wind energy); developing offshore wind infrastructure; strengthening renewables-related education, cluster management (for both wind and biomass); and supporting development of SMEs in the renewables sector. A major target is the speedy adaptation of grid infrastructure to meet the increasing needs of grid integration and transmission. To this end, the regional government has started a “Grid Development Initiative” to speed up decision-making. This has been set up in close co-operation/dialogue with system operators, affected districts, environmental organisations and the public.
Evidence of success
Schleswig-Holstein has already achieved a 26% reduction of greenhouse gas emissions (against 1990 figures), compared to the equivalent national level of 15%. This regional plan deals with concrete measures to implement the framework targets recently set at national level. It also encompasses a broader range of measures in the fields of agriculture, forestry, municipalities, construction and public procurement. The plan's measures are aimed not only at energy and climate protection but generating economic benefits, jobs and innovation. As such, the plan aims to make the best use of the area's existing strengths and potential in contributing to the national targets, while also enhancing regional development.
Contact details to obtain further information on the practice
Ministry of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Area, Land Schleswig-Holstein