Integrated organisation of public transport services in Berlin-Brandenburg by a Joint Transport Association

Project information

Index: 0619R2
Priority:2: Environment and risk prevention
Sub Theme:Energy and sustainable transport
Location GERMANY BRANDENBURG On NUTS 1 and NUTS 2 levels Brandenburg - Nordost and Berlin are included, too. The VBB is located in Berlin Brandenburg - Südwest Start/End date of the practice
Start: 1999
End: ongoing

Topic of the practice

Regional Transport Authorities

Good Practice Information

Berlin and Brandenburg show a good example of an integrated organisation of transport services: Joint Transport Association. Since transportation is the crucial link for mobility between a metropolis and surrounding rural areas, Berlin and Brandenburg agreed to jointly organise and finance the coordination and organisation of public transport. As a result the Verkehrsverbund Berlin-Brandenburg (VBB) was created. It is a joint association of federal state authorities from Brandenburg and Berlin and 18 transport authorities at the level of districts and district-free municipalities. Each of these three main groups holds a 33,3 % share.

VBB manages currently contracts with 41 public transport operators, serving an area of approx. 30.000 km². Main fields of activity of the VBB include timetable coordination, fare management, integrated traveller information, joint marketing, tendering, contracting and controlling of regional rail services. The work is guided by Public Transport Plans for regional rail transport, which is prepared by the federal states of Brandenburg and Berlin.

Main objective is the provision of an integrated and efficient public transport system in the Capital Region of Berlin-Brandenburg. Main stakeholders are the responsible transport authorities and public transport operators, who are - together with the passengers - as well the main beneficiaries.

The operation of the VBB is financed by the shareholders. Operation of public transport relies revenue from ticket sales (42 %), subsidy of federal states (30 %, thereof Berlin 69 % and Brandenburg 31 %) and subsidies of districts and district-free cities in Brandenburg (28 %).

A key success factor for the set-up of the VBB was the momentum of the fall of the Berlin wall, which was used to create an integrated transport association. Additionally, the ongoing commitment of key players in both federal states and an efficient management is important for success. The practice might be transferred, if strong political support is guaranteed and if tailor-made solutions for financing are found.

Evidence of success

As a result of the Joint Transport Association, the following outcomes have been reached: the increase of passenger numbers from 1.061 mln/a in 2000 (2,91 mln/day) to 1.266 mln/a in 2010 (3,47 mln/day). Additionally, a joint organisation as the VBB saves overhead costs for involved stakeholders and reduces administration costs.

Contact details to obtain further information on the practice

Jürgen Ross, Head of Division for Planning and Customer Information

VBB Verkehrsverbund Berlin-Brandenburg GmbH (Berlin-Brandenburg Joint Transport Association)

Annex completed on: 04-30-2012

As of 31 December 2015, this website is no longer updated. Follow news on interregional cooperation at