Facilitating access to public transport – Flexible approach to P+R strategies in Budapest
Topic of the practice
Encouraging the use of public and shared transport
Good Practice Information
Park & Ride (P+R) is a good example of how to facilitate access to public transport. It is a tool to provide better access to public transport in areas where local feeder services are less economic. It shall not be in competition with public transport, but should increase its flexibility and attract more people as passengers to public transport, including the more affluent who could otherwise easily cover the costs of car commuting. In Budapest, P+R capacity is distributed in a wider area alongside railway lines with relevant distance to the city centre. At minor stations and locations, small car parks with a limited number of parking places are constructed, which also include Bike & Ride facilities. So fare more than 1000 P+R places have been built along main railway lines in Budapest with additionally 570 spaces in the outskirts of the city.
Main objective is to improve conditions of changing from car and bicycle to trains, and to encourage people from outer districts and the agglomeration to use public transport.
Main stakeholders involved are municipalities, the BKK Centre for Budapest Transport, BKV (public transport company), MÁV (state railways company), NIF (national infrastructure development company). Main beneficiaries are commuters from outer districts and the agglomeration, but through less car traffic inhabitants of the inner city benefit as well.
P+R and B+R developments are mainly financed from the Regional Operational Programme (ERDF - local co-financing) and the Transport Operational Programme (Cohesion Fund - national co-financing). Key success factors are the thorough selection of potential P+R sites (real demand is needed), the availability of underused railway areas at stations, a close partnership with railway and infrastructure companies and good and fast public transport connections. The practice can be easily transferred, studying principles of cooperation, planning guidelines and lessons learnt.
Evidence of success
The development of P+R facilities in the outer districts and in the agglomeration in close connection to railway lines makes commuting by train more attractive. Results can be measured in terms of degree of usage, less congestion, and less parking spaces needed in the center. In Budapest, the average workday usage is about 85 %.
Contact details to obtain further information on the practice
Balázs Fejes, Project manager
BKK Centre for Budapest Transport
Annex completed on: 04-30-2012