Complex programme of the 33 most disadvantaged micro-regions in Hungary
Topic of the practice
The programme to support initiatives and complex programmes in the 33 most disadvantaged micro-regions is based on the participatory principle, local mobilization and building of local development capacity and provides public funds to the implementation of locally generated macro-projects and to institutional and infrastructural development in the poorest micro-regions.
Good Practice Information
In selected micro regions comitees of municipalities, NGOs and SMEs were created. The programme provided experts and consultants to help planning project packages, which related to the needs of the micro regions. After evaluation of the project packages by the managing authority, projects are selected by a jury and got authorization to apply for a call of proposal specified only for disadvantaged regions. After the decision, coordinator network has a complex set of tasks carry out project packages. They take part in the micro-regional strategic planning. And as a result of this work and the related workshops, having been involved more than 4,500 local experts, the micro-regional project packages to be realized to help the development of the most disadvantaged areas contain more than 1,700 project, which with funding from the European Union, may help the micro-regions to develop and catch up.
Bodies involved are the Regional Development Agencies, the Coordination network and the National Development Agency. For 7 years the Hungarian government provides 120 billion HUFs of public (EU and national) contribution, 4 billion HUFs per micro-region to area based development in the selected micro-regions.
The lesson learnt from the practice is that rural areas need professional consultation and highly trained experts to carry out projects. Small villages and towns can not provide experts and human capitol to manage the projects they have in the programme. While the programme is still in progress, the whole contracting and decision making have been obstructed by the managing authority and intermediate bodies. To improve the practice the coordinator network should have higher level of authorisation. Project owners must be obliged to cooperate with coordinator network.
Evidence of success
The practice mobilizes local actors and builds local develpment capacity. While it is hard to esteem the quantity of supported project on national level, in Észak-Alföld region 50 project have been already nominated for grant out of 250. The amount of contracted subsidy is over 14,500,000. Euro. The actors involved in the approved projects have gained knowledge in project development and management. Overall the programme created a successful lobby activity toward institutions and other decision making bodies. It is also a certain sign of subsidiarity in the system. Local actors gain experience on how to generate and manage projects which are aimed at increasing the competitiveness of the region. Strenghening the regional capacities and competences of local actors constitutes is the basis for becoming more involved on European level.
Contact details to obtain further information on the practice
Eszak-Alföld Regional Development Agency
Annex completed on: 10-26-2011