Governance model for adapting Douro wine region to climate change
Topic of the practice
Participation of private sector in Climate Change adaptation strategies definition and implementation. The Associação para o Desenvolvimento da Viticultura Duriense ( ADVID), has set up a research program and strategy with the aim of maintaining the competitiveness and quality in steep slope viticulture while adapting to climate change.
Good Practice Information
In the North of Portugal, especially in the highest areas, the effects of climate change are endangering some of the agricultural systems, namely Durience Viticulture. Several specialists calculate that if temperature increases on average about 2,6ºC, it could be impossible to cultivate vines in the warmer regions unless producers adopt measures for adapting to climate change. In the Douro region this work is being done by a local association – ADVID (Association for Durience Viticulture development) which is constituted of 180 wine producers. ADVID was created in 1982 with the aim of contributing to the modernization of viticulture and the consequent increase in vine yield of the Demarcated Douro Region, as well as improving the quality of its wines, and has since been dedicated to promotion, development and support of research work. Along these years ADVID conducted technical activities involving experimental research and development, nowadays specially focused on climate change.
The research cover several aspects of the vineyards including the varieties and their clones, agricultural practices and water management. For this work ADVID has been studying several aspects linked with climate (especially temperature and water availability on the soil), and its variance over the years (having a collection and structuring reference data for the Douro). In the climate context, their activities focus on the climate characterization of the Region and the evaluation of wine-growing years. The climate information network, is currently being refurbished with stations equipped for radio transmission in six locations in the Region and the collection and processing of climate data. This facilitates analysis of the developments in agricultural years and drafting of follow-up reports on the climate, plant and phytosanitary aspects. ADVID has structured a reference index for harvest quality, to validate the climate effect, and modelling of the ‘effect’ on the production.
Evidence of success
ADVID and its programme to adapt DOURO wine production to climate change is considered an excellent example of new forms of governance as pursued by the F:ACTS! project. Cooperating with the regional administration and in partnership with universities and farmers ADVID has established a pro-active approach based on experimental development and practical application of its findings.
The results of the research is actively promoted via publications, including the technical data. However, this promotion is not limited to technical publications but ADVID also organises conferences and meetings. The objective is to raise awareness, disseminate the acquired knowledge, discuss with the farmers the adaptation strategies and further assist them in implementing a truly territorial adaptation strategy.
Contact details to obtain further information on the practice
Annex completed on: 05-03-2012