Ecological and landscape connecivity strategy of the province of Alava
Topic of the practice
Land planning and Biodiversity : how to take account of biodiversity in land planning policies
Good Practice Information
The fragmentation of habitats and landscapes is one of the main causes of loss of biodiversity in industrialised and densely populated countries, being more important than the simple destruction or degradation of habitats, although the latter are much more perceptible in general. The objective of the Strategy of Ecological and Landscape Connectivity for the Province of Álava is to achieve an effective planning and protection of biological corridors in Álava, in accordance with the commitments of the Environmental Framework Programme of the Basque Country (2002-2012) and according to the Pan-European Biological Diversity and Landscape Strategy.
1. Characterize the protection policies of ecological and landscape connectivity in Europe and Spain.
2. Analyse the ecological and landscape connectivity of the Province of Álava.
3. Identify, classify and delimit the most relevant areas for ecological and landscape connectivity in Álava.
4. Analyse the impact of fragmentation processes in Álava.
5. Define a protection and, when necessary, restoration strategy, for the main ecological and landscape corridors in Álava.
The objective of the subsequent practical application of the Strategy, through the use of the planning of the Network of Ecological and Landscape Corridors in procedures for authorizations and Evaluations of Strategic Impact that have effects on urban planning, is to avoid a loss of biodiversity by means of the conservation of natural characteristics of the areas that guarantee connectivity.The Ecological and Landscape Connectivity Strategy is a very valid tool for the conservation of areas not protected by legal mechanisms, but which have important values that guarantee the maintenance of ecological processes between areas which are protected. Main stakeholder : Provincial Council of Alava
Evidence of success
The strategy enabled effective and transversal integration in sectorial and urban policies and plans of the protection objectives for natural and landscape values and merits for Protected Areas. The Department of the Environment carries out and directly applies the Ecological and Landscape Connectivity Strategy in procedures to assess Environmental Impact in which it is the responsible environment institution. For instance, Joint Assessments of Environmental Impact carried out for the modifications of General Urban Planning Programmes which affect Non Urban Land, as in processing this land we can get the Strategy to become a superimposed condition in the General Urban Planning for municipalities in Álava, so as to guarantee the preservation of these areas and, therefore, the maintenance of ecological processes between protected natural areas.
Contact details to obtain further information on the practice
Elena Gomez Chico
Province of Alava
Annex completed on: 07-20-2011