Cooperation Potential Buyers of Biomass with Local Authorities
Topic of the practice
Solving the major problem associated with the use of biomass in Poland - the lack of potential suppliers of biomass
Good Practice Information
The main objective was to start cooperation between local authorities with potential interested parties in the use of biomass.The Institution of School of Ecomonics required an upgrade of their coal boiler and considered buying a gas boiler however the local authority suggested a biomass boiler. The barrier that they had to overcome was the lack of suppliers of biomass in the fuel market. In view of that fact, biomass is not a popular fuel to be used for heating and units using biomass such as Central Heating Plants plants are forced to import fuel from abroad (Slovakis, Ukraine). Realising the problem Tarnow District authorities developed an initiative to provide fuel, free of charge, for the future installation of the biomass if the School of Econoics agreed to change to a biomass boiler. The installation was built, the total power of 1 MW, and the local authority provides the fuel.
Installation construction costs amounted to 420,000 euros, 60% of the costs were covered by the county and environmental funds, which made a financial contribtuion to the projects. Fuel costs are linked to the tree cutting paid by the entity that uses the fuel. The use of incentives from local authorities in areas in which municipalities have a large stock of fuel from aesthetic felling of trees can contribute to the growth of interest in using biomass heating in public buildings. Heat production in this case was approx. 1312 MWh.
Evidence of success
This integrated approach lead to the reduction of CO2 of approx. 1200 tons/year resulting in improved air quality in the region. A fact which contributed to the success of this practice is resignation of local authorities of the income of selling wood for promoting the use of biomass, improving air quality in the region and to attract potential buyers to use this type of installation in public buildings. The limitation is primarily the fuel. The practice shows how an integrated approach of local authorities of the region can contribute to growth in the use of renewable sources in the region. Apart from the fact that they are suppliers of the fuel (free of charge) they also funded part cost of new installations.
Contact details to obtain further information on the practice
Mineral and Energy Economy Research Insititute of the Polish Academy of Sciences (MEERI)
Annex completed on: 06-09-2011