Emergency plans for urban-rural interface fires
Topic of the practice
Wildfire emergency plan
Good Practice Information
The two primary missions covered by this wildfire emergency plan are firefighting and protecting the population. While the first one of these objectives is typically assigned to the fire and/or forest services, the second presents with special challenges for civil protection authorities. In our wildland/urban setting, evacuation and sheltering of the population is required, as evacuation is the only approach that would guarantee people safety. In this case, special planning has been necessary, as emergency response demands are different.
Wildfire risk analysis was integrated into emergency planning. Both hazard and vulnerability had been taken into account when estimating wildfire risk in emergency planning. The first part of the risk study has been hazard analysis. The second part of the risk analysis has been the evaluation of vulnerability. This part of the analysis has considered all of the infrastructures in the defined area that could be affected by fire. Vulnerability analysis is based on an individual assessment of facilities with similar or homogenous vulnerability.
Evidence of success
This methodology is readily transferable to North Mediterranean Sea coastline states, while it can be easily adapted to other states. It also is sustainable and consistent, because it is framed into already existing emergency plans. Moreover, this innovative method analyzes an aspect often given less attention: wildfire risk in wildland/urban interface areas. Furthermore, this approach can contribute to overall development of emergency response systems and has a high impact as it can be applied by every country independently from the legislation/organizational context.
Contact details to obtain further information on the practice
Mr. Luigi Vissani
PROVINCE OF MACERATA
Annex completed on: 02-15-2011