Integrated regional ticketing and revenue sharing in metropolitan areas
Topic of the practice
Encouraging the use of public and shared transport
Good Practice Information
It is a good example of integrated regional ticketing system that allows passengers to travel from point A to point B in the area with all modes of public transport with only one ticket. A unitary fare system makes trips with different modes of public transport easier and more convenient. The system also increases the efficiency of public transport. In Germany it was realised for the first time in Hamburg in 1970.
Main stakeholders are the VBB, transport authorities and transport operators, while transport operators and passengers are the beneficiaries. Due to confidentiality requirements information on financial resources cannot be published, but at least in the first phase the system of one ticket needs additional subsidies.
The key success factor is to find a widely accepted agreement of revenue sharing between all operators and a political agreement on the tariff system. A transfer is possible if the regulation on national level creates an adequate framework. Furthermore an agreement on political level is necessary.
Evidence of success
The practice is considered successful as it makes trips easier and cheaper since not every segment of the journey is priced separately. The passengers only have to understand one tariff system and need to buy only one ticket for their entire journey. The development of the number of carried passengers and the development of revenues indicate the success of the common system.
Contact details to obtain further information on the practice
VBB Verkehrsverbund Berlin-Brandenburg GmbH
Annex completed on: 07-20-2011