Mainstreaming climate change into Malta’s land-use planning process’
Topic of the practice
Mainstremaing climate change considerations into land-use processes
Good Practice Information
The study ‘Mainstreaming climate change into Malta’s land-use planning process’ reviewed the Maltese land-use planning structures and processes, and developed recommendations for improving the system by taking greater account of climate change. All aspects of land-use planning were considered, including organisational aspects, planning policy, development control, and environmental impact assessment. The review focused on the potential of the planning system to promote better control of GHG emissions, and also on adaptation potential. Recommendations ranged from training and capacity building to policy changes or modifications to current decision-making processes. The recommendations, discussed with key stakeholders in the land-use planning process, were then considered by the Maltese Environment and Planning Authority and the Maltese Government in the context of environmental reform.
Evidence of success
The study revealed that SEA might not always be sufficient to produce ‘climate-proof’ policies — that is, the SEA process does not necessarily ensure that policies will perform successfully in the context of a changing climate. A combination of assessment methodologies might therefore be necessary, such as an SEA to assess the impacts of climatic factors on planning, and the application of a so-called ‘climate change lens’. A sample climate change lens, which is essentially a checklist for climate proofing policies, has been designed for this purpose.
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