ART Factories (Broedplaatsen) - Amsterdam
Topic of the practice
Art Factories is a programme for the development of real estate with a broader perspective, including topics like creative economy, cultural climate, social cohesion and urban regeneration. Affordable and suitable studios and (living and) working spaces for ‘creatives’ commodity in Amsterdam.
Good Practice Information
Art Factories have been set up in more than 40, mostly old, buildings in the city, providing a total of 1,500 spaces and offering a place to work and occasionally live to more than 2,500 artists, creative businesses and artisans. Within the Art Factories policy, individual artists and art factory groups are the most important target groups. Some of the spaces that are vacated every year are reserved for young artists or artists from outside of Amsterdam. So, international students can prolong their stay in the city. Since 2008 in order to qualify for subsidised places, artists are being assessed every 5 years in terms of their income and artistic skills by the ‘Commissie Atelier en (Woon)werkpanden Amsterdam’ (CAWA, Atelier and (Living) and Work Space Committee).The principal activities of the Bureau Broedplaatsen include:
● providing creative groups with expertise in property development, feasibility studies, management, legal affairs, etc.;
● mediating the allocation of creative workplaces in the Amsterdam Metropolitan area;
● making policy and defining objectives, in consultation with all those involved in the development of art factories;
● developing tools in support of the art factories policy, such as credit facilities, a property supply monitor, user demand research, a website to match supply with demand, etc.;
● initiating, encouraging and supervising property development;
Evidence of success
In the coming years the programme will also direct its attention towards a more differentiated composition of the Art Factories and towards facilitating a so-called middle segment (professional medium-sized companies). Based on a differentiated lease system, small cultural, creative and traditional businesses increasingly form part of the art factory groups. This mixture provides artists with a better opportunity to develop into cultural entrepreneurs. Thanks to this they will be able to lease more expensive space and the cheapest places will become vacant for the basic segment (professional artists producing experimental and free work, small creative start-ups, creative groups and free zones). Success factors The case is considered successful because it maintains and creates affordable and suitable working spaces for artists and creative start-ups and it can adjust and react to an ever changing political, social, economic and cultural environment.
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