London Congestion charge

Project information

Index: 1129R4
Priority:2: Environment and risk prevention
Sub Theme:Energy and sustainable transport
Location UNITED KINGDOM LONDON London Inner London Start/End date of the practice
Start: 2003

Topic of the practice

Energy and sustainable transport

Good Practice Information

Transport for London (TfL) impose a charge on most vehicles being used within the Congestion Charge Zone (CCZ) between 07:00 and 18:00 Monday to Friday. It is not charged at weekends, public holidays or between Christmas Day and New Year's Day.
The daily charge is £10 if payment in advance or on the day, but increases to £12 if it's made by midnight on the following charging day; exemptions for
some types of vehicles e.g.ULED and Blue Badge holders; residents can get a 90 per cent discount.
A network of cameras reads vehicle number plates and checks the database: any vehicle recorded without daily charge has been paid by midnight the following charging day, must pay a penalty charge. The charge aims to reduce congestion, and to raise investment funds for London's transport system.

Evidence of success

There has been a 6% increase in bus passengers during charging hours.
By law all net revenue raised by the charge (£148m in financial year 2009/10) has to be invested in improving transport in London.
In 2006 report from TfL stated that congestion was down around 26% in comparison with the pre charge period.
NOx fell 13.4% between 2002 & 2003 along with similar falls for CO2 and PM10.

Contact details to obtain further information on the practice

Annex completed on: 06-10-2013

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