London Congestion charge
Topic of the practice
Energy and sustainable transport
Good Practice Information
Transport for London (TfL) impose a charge on most vehicles being used within the Congestion Charge Zone (CCZ) between 07:00 and 18:00 Monday to Friday. It is not charged at weekends, public holidays or between Christmas Day and New Year's Day.
The daily charge is £10 if payment in advance or on the day, but increases to £12 if it's made by midnight on the following charging day; exemptions for
some types of vehicles e.g.ULED and Blue Badge holders; residents can get a 90 per cent discount.
A network of cameras reads vehicle number plates and checks the database: any vehicle recorded without daily charge has been paid by midnight the following charging day, must pay a penalty charge. The charge aims to reduce congestion, and to raise investment funds for London's transport system.
Evidence of success
There has been a 6% increase in bus passengers during charging hours.
By law all net revenue raised by the charge (£148m in financial year 2009/10) has to be invested in improving transport in London.
In 2006 report from TfL stated that congestion was down around 26% in comparison with the pre charge period.
NOx fell 13.4% between 2002 & 2003 along with similar falls for CO2 and PM10.
Contact details to obtain further information on the practice
www.tfl.gov.uk/roadusers/congestioncharging/ www.tfl.gov.uk/roadusers/congestioncharging/6722.aspx www.theaa.com/motoring_advice/congestion_charging/ www.cchargelondon.com/effect.html pubs.healtheffects.org/getfile.php?u
Annex completed on: 06-10-2013