Low Emission Zone, London
Topic of the practice
urban freight policies
Good Practice Information
The Low Emission Zone (LEZ) has been applied since 4 February 2008 in London. It covers most of Greater London, following the Greater London Authority boundary. All public roads, including certain motorways within the boundary are included within the LEZ. From February 4th 2008, a standard of Euro 3 for particulate matter (PM) for lorries over 12 tons Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW), and buses and coaches over 5 tons GVW. From July 2008, a standard of Euro 3 for PM for lorries between 3.5 and 12 tons, buses and coaches. From October 2010, a standard of Euro 3 for PM for larger vans and minibuses - although the Mayor has announced a review of this stage of the LEZ. From January 2012, a standard of Euro 4 for PM for lorries over 3.5 tons GVW, buses and coaches over 5 tons GVW. There are no barriers or tollbooths. The LEZ is enforced through fixed and mobile cameras which read the vehicle registration number plate as the vehicle enters the LEZ and or circulate within it, and checks it against a data base of vehicles
which meet the LEZ emissions standards.
The vehicles affected by the LEZ are older diesel-engined lorries, buses, coaches, vans above 3.5 t GVW, minibuses and other heavy vehicles that are derived from lorries and vans, such as motor caravans and motorised horse boxes.
LEZ does not apply to cars and motorbikes.
Critical success factors: Vehicle categories that are included or excluded.
Tranferibility: Low emission zones are in discussion in several UK cities and have been implemented in othere European countries (see website: www.lowemissionzones.eu).
Evidence of success
In '08, 96% of vehicles affected by the 1st phase of the scheme are compliant with the emissions standards of the Zone (70% in '07). Similar trend in the introduction of the second phase 7/7/08. Compliance currently 91%. Not yet calculated evaluation. TfL projects: Reduce total road traffic related emissions of PM10 by up to 6,6% in '12(beneficial effects on other pollutants); reduce the area of Greater London with levels of PM10 that exceed the annual mean air quality objective by 5,8% in '08 (14% by '12), and for the area with excessive levels of NO2 level to shrink by 5% in '08 (20% in '12); over 10 years projections:people who would otherwise die prematurely as a result of poor air quality will gain 5k years additional life expectancy; lower levels of illness mean reduction of about 250k restricted activity days and more than 300k cases where respiratory symptoms reduced in severity.
Contact details to obtain further information on the practice
Jacques Leonardi, Marie Atkinson
Transport for London
Annex completed on: 03-09-2011