Freight Distribution Plan, Bologna
Topic of the practice
urban freight policies
Good Practice Information
The city has defined a restricted access zone, called LTZ (Limited Traffic Zone) (local policy) to deal with this congestion, and follows the main guidelines and indications made by the Emilia Romagna Region.
Institutional partners: Regione Emilia Romagna, Department of Environment, Province of Bologna, Municipality of Bologna. Non institutional actors: Freight Companies, Manufacturing and commercial delivery on their own. Timeplan: 2002 (First regional legislation for urban freight distribution (guidelines to cities)) and agreement programme signed by the region, the provinces and all cities with at least 50,000 inhabitants. 2003: Guidelines for city logistics projects. First application in several cities with at least 50,000 inhabitants. 2005: New IT control system for accesses to the LTZ and the T zone. 2006: Freight distribution plan. “Pay-to-access” ticket system.
Resources IT enforcement system and traffic control centre.
Local control crew’s learning programs are needed. Half of the total funds come from the region. The other half come from the province and the municipality, although a part was channelled through European INTERREG projects.
The involved stakeholders are the local police or the mobility management crews, sometimes related to the public transport company.
Critical succes factors: To reach the critical mass of small freight operators involved in the optimisation procedures. Tranferibility: The enforcement systems are easily transferrable to other context, as demonstrate other cases in Europe.
Evidence of success
Reduction of Km travelled to deliver the same goods’ volume in the LTZ
Conversion of freight vehicles to methane engine and related pollution reduction
The pollution reduction obtained is related to the general LTZ restriction and it is difficult to define the data related only to freight vehicles.
The general data is about 25% of access reduction in LTZ
Positive behavioural change in the use of access permission by freight operators
Contact details to obtain further information on the practice
Municipality of Bologna
Annex completed on: 03-09-2011