Data collection-Modelling, Bordeaux, Marseille, Dijon
Topic of the practice
urban freight policies
Good Practice Information
The French National programme “Urban Goods Movements” has been organising an ambitious urban goods movements data collection for many years. The Laboratoire d’Economie des Transports (Lyon) has built and analysed three large original Urban Goods Movement (UGM) surveys in order to provide the quantitative elements useful for demand forecasting and vehicle flow generation in French cities. Surveys have been carried out in the French cities of Marseilles (1.1 Million inhab.), Bordeaux (750,000) and Dijon (240,000 inhabitants). The results have notably been used as a data base for the FRETURB model calibration, and as decision aid for the transport master plans of several large and medium sized French cities. Actors: Ministry of Ecology, ADEME (French national Energy Agency), syndicates of local authorities, chambers of commerce, research laboratory (methodology), consulting (surveys), steering committee, technical committee. Methodology : choice of unit, perimeter, sample of establishments.
Pilot survey to test the method. Surveys in 3 cities (with different sizes and morphology). Model building for diagnosis, simulations and energy assessment. Dissemination of results and a user-friendly version of the model. Resources: Large information campaign, Posters in shops, Notes and brochures for carriers and deliverymen, Announcements in news bulletin (CCI, …), 6 researchers, 30 surveyers, 6 consultants, 40 persons in the Steering committee, 20 persons in the technical committee, 2 technical staff from the municipalities. Critical success factors: The involvement of municipalities (political impulse). For local politicians, investing in UGM surveys is not as interesting politically as investing in passengers mobility surveys. The transferability has been tested with a similar methodology. In 2008 a new pilot survey has been made. In 2009 the survey will be carried out in the Ile de France Region (Paris region, including a much larger perimeter, 2500 establishments instead of 1500 …).
Evidence of success
Numerous results are available. Among the most well-known ratios are the following:
1 delivery or pick up /week/employee, >50 % deliveries made on own account, >50 % deliveries made with light commercial vehicles, UGM = 25 % CO2 emissions, 44 % particulates, UGM components : 39 % (inter-establishments), 51 % (households’ shopping trips with motorised vehicles), 10 % (urban services such as waste disposal). 75 % direct trips account for 25 % deliveries
Numerous results concerning road occupancy, the delivery-time, the link between activity and vehicles flows generation… This programme made it possible for local authorities to measure the stakes of UGM in city management. Numerous regulations have been implemented thanks to the programme (Charter of Delivery Good practices in Paris and Toulouse for example),
Contact details to obtain further information on the practice
Danièle Patier, Jean-Louis Routhier
Annex completed on: 03-10-2011