Consolidation centres in Region Emilia Romagna (Ferrara, Modena, Ravenna, Parma)
Topic of the practice
urban freight policies
Good Practice Information
The aim of urban consolidations centres (UCC) in Italian cities (often called cityporti), especially in the Region Emilia Romagna, is to rationalize the urban freight distribution so as to contribute to the decrease in traffic congestion in urban centres. Cityporti commonly propose a freight distribution service using an UCC and a fleet of low-emitting vehicles. Actors: the concerned municipality, the provincial council and the region. Truck operators are the clients of the UCC. In Modena, there are about 10 regular clients. The contract between the truck operators and the UCC are traditional third-party transport contracts. 2 major companies are clients, the rest are small truck companies. Common characteristics of the sites: Medium size urban areas (<500.000 inhabitants), historical city centres with an important cultural heritage, location on a logistics corridor, regional incentives for urban logistics development. Resources: UCC: in general, the use of an existing logistics terminal is favoured. If this is not possible,
an unused warehouse or wholesale marketplace can be adapted. In Modena, the terminal (700 m² 2 km away from the city centre) is rented. In general, 5 to 10 vehicles involved. In Modena for example, 2 CNG and 2 electric vehicles. The UCC organisation in RER cities is similar to that of other Italian cities like Padua or Lucca. Some cities have identified restricted areas where access for freight vehicles is limited. In Modena, a Low Emission Zone prohibits trucks older than Euro 1. Critical success factors: profitability would be a critical success factor,but it is not reached in many cases.In Modena, to reach it, 2500 shipments/month are needed (800 today). Transferibility: In IT, no bid is legally needed in order to identify a logistics operator that can manage the UCC, therefore having a sort of monopoly over goods distribution in the city centre. Cities can implement a sort of social cooperative. Cities out of IT must be careful with the legal issues.Even in IT,some large transport operators have challenged their legality.
Evidence of success
Encouraging results but with difficult financial situations in many cases.
In Modena: 40 shipments per day, 800 per month (2500 would be needed to reach profitability)
UCC schemes are very well perceived by residents of city centers. Retailers do not see a major change in their logistics and are satisfied with the level of service.
Contact details to obtain further information on the practice
Agenzia per la Mobilità di Modena
Annex completed on: 03-09-2011