Flexible transport modes
Topic of the practice
Encouraging the use of public and shared transport
Good Practice Information
This good practice shows how to provide services off peak and in non dense areas via public and collective transport.
The creation of a frequent running regular bus route off peak and in non dense housing areas is not economical. Different transport modes for different requirements were therefore necessary. MobilSAM is a Taxi on corridors with a lower demand especially off-peak: the Taxi runs a time-table between regular bus stops and passengers doorstep. The Quartierbus is a medium size bus only running in a district between all points of interest and tram and bus stops. Finally, during the week tram and bus operation normally stops between midnight and 1 am, therefore the local transport agency offers a special night bus system on Friday and Saturday night. To implement the different transport modes it was necessary to know the demand and the requirements of the existing patronage. Therefore, with a traffic model the impact of the transport modes was simulated. For pricing the night bus supplement a specific passenger survey was made. For the traffic model a specific software called VISUM by ptv is used.
The implementation process has been: the local transport agency (SWU) Verkehr planned in a close cooperation with the city council; planning was presented to the municipality council for a political decision; inauguration by SWU Verkehr including all authorisation procedures was done. The organisations involved were the City Council, the Police department, Municipality council (Decision makers), SWU Verkehr (public transport operator). The main target groups of the taxi varies: it’s mostly used by commuters and for recreational traffic; the main target group of the “Quartierbus” are senior citizens, while the main target group of the night bus system are young and mid-age people going pubbing and clubbing. The budget for the flexible transport modes varies year by year. The financing of MobilSAM and the night bus services is based on three pillars: regular fare, an additional fee, compensation from cross subsidies, while the financing of the Quartierbus is based only upon regular fare compensation from cross subsidies. The Critical Success Factors are: funding (national, EU), public awareness, strategic planning.
Evidence of success
By operating flexible transport modes it is possible to run public transport to all districts the whole day through. With a dense network of stops more than 90% of all inhabitants’ life within a catchment area of about 400m.
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Annex completed on: 04-15-2011