Landscaping of Vuosaari Landfill site in Helsinki, Finland – Raising public awareness on biodiversity in municipal and regional cooperation
Topic of the practice
The area of 60 hectares has been a household waste (until the 80’s) and an inert material (ongoing) landfill site. The City of Helsinki has been the owner since 1963. The new-growth consolidates the recreational areas that were lost because of the construction of the new main harbor and new residential areas nearby. The area is also surrounded by semi natural forests and Natura 2000 sites.
Good Practice Information
The site includes the artificial hill (Vuosaarenhuippu) consisting of clean landfills, and the closed municipal waste section of 25 hectares that still waits for final landscaping and opening for public use. In ten years, the area is transformed into an open nature site, where domestic wild plants are growing on natural meadows and on rock habitats, typical for the region. The successful
succession of the Vuosaarenhuippu is based on careful selection of re-vegetation, and translocation of the soil and plant habitats from construction sites from all over the City, imitating the natural systems, and carrying unknown seeds within them. Success comes from the integrated planning approach and participatory planning, also on local approach and courage to create an unique experiment.
Evidence of success
Rich variety of rare flora and fauna can be found. The landfill area and its peak offer possibilities for versatile recreational use - nature is brought within the reach in an increasingly urban environment. Transportation and storage costs of extensive land masses were minimized during the construction of the Vuosaari harbor area, now it minimizes the municipal costs of inert material storage.
Contact details to obtain further information on the practice
FCG Finnish Consulting Group Ltd.
Annex completed on: 01-14-2015