Compact City model in urban and transport planning
Topic of the practice
Land Use and Transport Planning
Good Practice Information
Bochold is an example of "Compact City" model with regard to management and control of parking and traffic. The basic mobility controlling intervention strategy has been implemented concerning the maintenance of small trip lengths, compatible with the bicycle and, especially, the pedestrian mode. The objective of the different actions implemented is to maintain a situation where 90% of the population lives within less than 3Km of the city centre. Strict local regulations concerning land use rules, specially directed to the location of new commercial developments, where licensing is awarded only when the essential of the respective accessibility can be guaranteed on foot or bicycle. Also a strong emphasis is put on the achievement of significant diversity of land use types in the different city neighbourhoods in order to reinforce each area functional autonomy and thus contributing to contain and even reduce average trip lengths.
A great deal of effort is required to prevent large shops being built in areas which are not integrated and to preclude their construction with appropriate building development planning. The implementation is so successful because the different municipal departments in Bocholt work together and share the same aims. In parallel, car usage restrictions were imposed, ranging from the limitation of circulating speeds in residential areas by implementation of 30 Km/h zones, to the reinforcing of parking restrictions with the imposition of parking fees covering the entire city centre. Due to the regulatory interventions concerning retail outlet location and ensuring shops are located at distances which can be easily reached on foot or by bicycle, the whole population has equal access to shopping facilities, regardless of whether or not they have a car. This has been accompanied with the maintenance of a very high local quality of life for its citizens
Evidence of success
As a result of the measure, the city adopted the use of the bicycle, being at present one of the German cities where bicycle mobility is more important compared to other modes with a 35% modal share, and justifying the qualification of a “cycling city”.
Contact details to obtain further information on the practice
Annex completed on: 04-15-2011